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Athletic Training & Evidence-Based Practice

Online and print library sources for athletic trainers using evidence-based practice

Core Sources

Library Services has several core literature sources for athletic trainers. Click below to quickly assess to these databases and search engines (many of which require your StarID login):

Evidence-Based Practice Introduction

This guide is intended for any athletic trainer or student who needs a basic introduction to the principles of Evidence-Based Practice. After reviewing this guide you will be able to:

  • define Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)
  • identify the parts of a well-built clinical question
  • search for literature based on a PICO question and type of study
  • identify key critical appraisal questions that help determine the validity of a study

How to Use This Guide

EBP Process What is EBP?  Provides definitions and explains the steps in the EBP process.
ASK with PICO Asking clinical question - illustrates the anatomy of a good clinical question, and defines the types of questions and studies.
SEARCH Searching the literature  - constructs a well-built literature search based on the PICO and identifies potentially relevant articles.
APPRAISE Evaluating the evidence - identifies criteria for determining the validity of a study selected for our case.
APPLY & EVALUATE Return to the athlete -- integrate that evidence with clinical expertise, athlete preferences and apply it to practice. Evaluate desired outcomes with the athlete


Communicate what you learned in your evidence-based practice with the greater athletic training and allied health community.
More Info Points you to additional sources for athletic training.
Citing Sources Resources to help you cite your sources in AMA or APA styles.
Certification Exam BOC sources at the library.
Feedback & Help Gives you the opportunity to provide feedback and/or get help from librarians.


This guide was originally developed by staff at Duke University Medical Center Library and the Health Sciences Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  For information or questions about this tutorial contact Sarah Cantrell ( or Jamie Conklin (

The interactive graphics were developed by the New Literacies Alliance

 Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 United States License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License