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Minnesota State University, Mankato
Minnesota State University, Mankato

Information Literacy Toolkit: Welcome

This toolkit defines information literacy and provides faculty with class resources.

Information Literacy Skills

Information literacy skills include:

Topic Development

  • Defines research topic, hypothesis, or question
  • Modifies (including narrowing/broadening) topic
  • Identifies gaps in knowledge base

Source Discovery

  • Seeks information appropriate for project
  • Differentiates between academic & popular information
  • Considers online, print, multimedia, &  interpersonal sources


  • Assesses information credibility
  • Evaluates relevance for project
  • Assesses academic validity

Synthesis & Creation

  • Selects appropriate information to synthesize from multiple sources
  • Communicate effectively using appropriate writing styles in a variety of formats

Ethically Communication

  • Understands & abides by academic honesty
  • Cites sources & formats project in appropriate writing style 
  • Respects intellectual properties of others

National studies show students... 41% have difficulty citing 71% assess information based on interface design 61% are hindered by irrelevant search results 82% commit some type of cheating 49% ask instructors about quality of sources 66% have problems defining topics Peers at Other Institutions Faculty survey found students have... 39% Poor evaluation skills 27% Good or excellent skills to find appropriate information 53% Achieved information literacy by graduation 29% Good or excellent skills to use information for a specific purpose

INFORMATION LITERACY Supports & enhances disciplinary & general education learning objectives. It does not replace them. Gradually builds upon skills during the undergraduate & graduate career Is a transformational and transferable skillset for personal and professional success


Head, A.J. & Eisenberg, M.B. (2010). Truth be told: How college students evaluate and use information in the
digital age
Seattle: Project Information Literacy.

Saunders, L. (2012). Faculty perspectives on information literacy as a student learning outcome. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 38(4), 226-236.

Yardley, J., Rodriguez, M., Bates, S. C., & Nelson, J. (2009). True confessions?: Alumni's retrospective reports on undergraduate cheating behaviors. Ethics & Behavior, 19(1), 1-14.

Information Literacy Concepts

Information Literacy Concepts include

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