Open Data is research data that:
Open Data has the potential to speed up the research process while simultaneously improving our confidence in those results. The access, use, and curation of this huge and growing body of data is central to the research enterprise.
(Source: SPARC. (2021). Open Data. https://sparcopen.org/open-data/)
In 2008, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) adopted a policy requiring all NIH funded research to be deposited within 12 months of publication into the repository PubMedCentral. In 2013, the White House, through the Office of Science and Technology Policy, issued an executive directive mandating that U.S. Government agencies with annual extramural research and development expenditures over $100 million make the results of taxpayer-funded research—both articles and data—be made freely available to the general public with the goal of accelerating scientific discovery and fueling innovation. Those agencies have begun adopting and issuing plans for the deposit of scholarly articles and data into openly accessible repositories. Similarly, a few states and several private funders have proposed and enacted legislation and policies mandating public access of funded research.
On August 25, 2022, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued a memorandum outlining guidance to federal agencies to make taxpayer-funded research immediately available to the public to freely access and use. SPARC has put together a list of FAQ related to the new guidelines on their website.
Here are a few resources to help you learn more: