In most CMST classes, you will cite sources verbally in your presentations, in addition to creating a written bibliography or works cited page. Your audience likely won't have your bibliography in front of them when they are listening to you, so it's important to let them know where you found your information.
This page offers tips to help you create effective oral citations.
Oral citations help you demonstrate the reliability and accuracy of the information you share during your speech. They provide the audience with proof you've researched your topic and help you establish ethos, or credibility, with your audience.
Oral citations should include the following information.
Who did you get the information from? Also share the author's credentials, to help establish this person or organization as a credible source.
Where did the information come from? This could be a book, magazine, academic journal article, website, interview, etc.
In most cases, oral citations require only the journal or website name. However, if you have used multiple sources from the same journal, also cite the article title.
When was the information published? For websites that don't identify a date, say the date the site was last updated or the date you accessed the site.
Check out the links below for some resources to help you with your writing!