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Minnesota State University, Mankato
Minnesota State University, Mankato

Distance Library Services: Citing

APA Links

The following websites provide information for the American Psychological Association, 6th Edition writing style.

MLA Links

The following websites provide information for the Modern Language Association, 7th & 8th Edition writing style.

Plagiarism Defined

Plagiarism: Taking credit for someone’s intellectual work or ideas


Why Should You Care about Plagiarism?

  • Students can fail a class or be suspended from the university if they commit plagiarism at MSU
  • Professionals can be sued or lose a job if they commit plagiarism
  • In American society, it is generally expected to give others credit for their work 


When Writing a Paper or Preparing for a Presentation, Ask Yourself…

Is this my idea or did the idea come from another source (like a book or website)?


Common Knowledge

Facts and ideas that most people already know do not need to be cited

For example:

  • The elephant is the symbol of the Republican Party
  • January is one of the coldest months of the year in Minnesota


Avoiding Plagiarism

  • If another person or entity created the work or idea, you must give them credit for creating the information.
  • Two types of plagiarism to avoid in class assignments…

Plagiarism:
Using Exact Words Without Quotation Marks

If you copy phrases or sentences exactly from books, journals, or websites…

  • Place quotation marks around the copied phrase or sentence
  • Cite the original source in the paragraph and work cited/references page

APA Example

In-Text (within the paper)

Collective intelligence through the Internet illustrates "No one knows everything, everyone knows something, all knowledge resides in humanity" (Lévy, 1997, p. 20).

References Page Citation

Lévy, P. (1997). Collective intelligence: Mankind's emerging world in cyberspace. New York: Plenum Trade.

MLA Example

In-Text (within the paper)

Collective intelligence through the Internet illustrates "No one knows everything, everyone knows something, all knowledge resides in humanity" (Lévy 20).

Works Cited Page Citation

Lévy, Pierre. Collective Intelligence: Mankind's Emerging World in Cyberspace. New York: Plenum Trade, 1997. Print.


Plagiarism:
Rewording Another Person’s Ideas Without Citing Them as the Source

If you use another person’s work or ideas, but you rephrase with your own words…
  • Cite the original source in the paragraph and work cited/references page

APA Example

In-Text (within the paper)

Information in today's society flows from, and into, multiple media technologies (Jenkins, 2006, p. 2-13).

References Page Citation

Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence culture: Where old and new media collide. New York: New York University Press.

MLA Example

In-Text (within the paper)

Information in today's society flows from, and into, multiple media technologies (Jenkins 2-13).

Works Cited Page Citation

Jenkins, Henry. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press, 2006. Print.

Plagiarism Exercise

Distance Librarian

Paul Wyss

Contact Info:
If you have questions or need assistance please contact Paul Wyss, by telephone at 507-389-2258 or by email at paul.wyss@mnsu.edu. If I am unavailable or if you need to chat online, please use the Library's Ask A Librarian service.

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